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2 edition of role of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain-depression relationship. found in the catalog.

role of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain-depression relationship.

Sarah Elizabeth Patricia Munce

role of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain-depression relationship.

by Sarah Elizabeth Patricia Munce

  • 136 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


About the Edition

This Master"s thesis examined the role of work stress and sex differences in the chronic pain-depression association. Using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) Cycle 1.1, of 78,593 working individuals, 8% reported having major depression versus 12% in the sample with chronic pain. Both depression and comorbid chronic pain and depression were twice as prevalent in women than in men. Unexpectedly, overall work stress, decision authority, or psychological demands did not moderate the chronic pain and depression association. There was a trend towards poor skill discretion as a moderating variable of chronic pain and depression. No sex effects were observed for any of the domains of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain-depression link. In terms of the etiology and management of depression, the impact of work stress alone and the potential role of poor skill discretion in those individuals with comorbid chronic pain, should be considered.

The Physical Object
Pagination126 leaves.
Number of Pages126
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20238553M
ISBN 100494022663

This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. Initial higher pain and depression levels predicted the recovering and chronic trajectories. The chronic trajectory suggested that a significant subset of people does not recover from PTSD symptoms. This class also reported more pain-related disability." In other words, about 15 out of who had at least a degree of PTSD got worse.

This study was an effort in the direction of understanding filial behaviour, perception of old age, loneliness experienced and the role stress of the daughter –in- law and mother-in- law from the urban middle working and non working class centers. Indian Journal of Gerontology. , Vol Nos. 3 & 4, pp.   2) Chronic ACTH caused increases in plasma biomarkers associated with chronic stress: corticosterone, insulin and leptin were elevated ∼ 14, 25 and 4 .

Placebo effect. Research studies began demonstrating the connection between the mind and body as early as the s. Henry Beecher coined the phrase “placebo effect” after discovering in World War II that pain experienced by wounded soldiers could be controlled with saline injections. The placebo effect has been widely studied and demonstrates that factors, such as . A study of chronic low back pain conducted in North Carolina found “an alarming increase in the prevalence of chronic [low back pain] from to across all population subgroups.” The prevalence for the total population studied more than doubled over the period, from about 4 to more than 10 percent, and for women (all ages) and.


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Role of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain-depression relationship by Sarah Elizabeth Patricia Munce Download PDF EPUB FB2

Despite the substantial main effects of work stress on major depression and despite previous literature that has demonstrated a relationship between pain, stress, and depressive symptoms, this study did not demonstrate a moderating role for various aspects of work stress on the chronic pain and depression link.

There are several possible Cited by: The role of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain and depression association. Munce SE(1), Weller I, Robertson Blackmore EK, Heinmaa M, Katz J, Stewart DE.

Author information: (1)Women's Health Program, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. @d by: This article aims to examine the role of work stress as a moderating variable in the chronic pain-depression association, as well as sex differences in this link.

The Relationship between Chronic Pain and Obesity: The Mediating Role of Anxiety moderating role of coping strategies.

This framework was utilized to examine the impact of work and work. Chronic pain with comorbid depression is characterized by poor mood regulation and stress-related pain.

This study aims to compare depressed and non-depressed pain patients in mood and pain stress reactivity and recovery, and test whether a post-stress positive mood induction moderates pain recovery. Women with fibromyalgia and/or osteoarthritis (N = ) Cited by: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is one of the most intractable clinical problems faced by clinicians and can be devastating for patients.

Central pain amplification is perceived pain that cannot be fully explained on the basis of somatic or neuropathic processes and is due to physiologic alterations in pain transmission or descending pain modulatory by: Stress is a normal part of living.

It affects people of all ages, genders and circumstances and can lead, when it becomes chronic, to physical and psychological health issues. Many of the.

Chronic pain will precede the onset of depression in almost 60 % of patients and could be a consequence of chronic pain. To better understand the co-occurrence of chronic pain and depression, a more comprehensive approach including qualitative and quantitative studies using biological, clinical and epidemiological design is : Alain Vanasse, Mireille Courteau, Josiane Courteau, Nathalie Carrier.

A study earlier this year from Towers Watson examined the sources of stress at work and found that managers and employees view the problem very differently.

The study is. GI is a self-management strategy that, for persons with CNCP, may influence cognition (e.g., pain self-efficacy, pain beliefs) and neuroendocrine and neuroimmune processes.

The model of GI's effects on pain, pain disability, and depression defines mechanisms of action for GI's effects via psychologic and physiologic pathways. These pathways Cited by: Abstract Objectives Chronic pain is a significant problem worldwide and is associated with significant elevations in negative affect, depressive symptoms, sleep problems, and physical dysfunction.

Positive affect could potentially buffer the impact of pain on patient functioning. If it does, then positive affect could be directly targeted in treatment to benefit individuals with Cited by: 9. This study aimed to investigate the mediating effect of workplace spirituality in the relation between job stress and job satisfaction as well as the level of job stress, job satisfaction, and workplace spirituality of cancer survivors returning to work.

A total of cancer survivors who returned to work more than six months prior to the research participated in this : Ju-Hyun Jin, Eun-Ju Lee.

Introduction. The links between chronic low back pain (CLBP) and depression are well established. Both conditions 1) are risk factors for the other's onset ; 2) interfere with each others' treatment response ; 3) worsen the negative experience or “bothersomeness” of the other disorder ; 4) mutually slow rates of remission ; and 5) may increase the risk of the others' Cited by: Endorphins are natural pain killing substances found in the human brain.

The name comes from endogenous (meaning within) and morphine (morphine being a pain killer). Endorphins are one of the neurotransmitters in the brain. Levels of endorphins in the brain may be changed by taking a number of drugs including alcohol, anabolic steroids and heroin and other opiates.

When Emotional Pain Becomes Physical 17 Mediation, Moderation, and Reserve Capacity Our findings indicate that anxiety and mood disorders act as both mediators and moderators in the relationship between ACEs and painful medical disorders, which, as reviewed above, is due to a multitude of risk factors that work in tandem across the lifespan.

Background. Although social, behavioral, and health factors influence prevalence and intensity of pain, very few studies have investigated correlates of pain among economically disadvantaged older African American (AA) adults.

Objective. This study explored social, behavioral, and health correlates of pain intensity among community-dwelling AA older adults in an economically Author: Meghan C. Evans, Mohsen Bazargan, Sharon Cobb, Shervin Assari.

Social isolation and loneliness are common among older people and can be both negatively associated with mental and physical health, although still relatively little is known about causal links.

Our scoping review has shown that a sizeable body of literature, coming from a variety of disciplines and making use of a range of methods, is focused Cited by: 1. Background Today’s world of medicine is faced with the growth of chronic illnesses, including coronary artery disease, alternatively known as ischemic heart disease (IHD) ().It is projected that these diseases will be the main cause of mortality and disability in the world by ().In the United States, people annually develop IHD with more than deaths ().

The program consists of a 6-week small-group workshop for caregivers of people with memory problems. The goal of the study is to evaluate in a one year longitudinal study, program effectiveness in reducing caregiver stress, depression, fatigue, burden, days lost from work and improving sleep, healthful behaviors and self-efficacy.

The relationship between the stress of loneliness and heart problems has been described since the ’s. The sentinel piece of literature, a book entitled “The Broken Heart: The medical consequences of loneliness” [ 11 ] described relationships between loneliness, social desirability, importance of love and relationships, health Cited by:.

There is substantial evidence from the psychoneuroimmunology literature that chronic stress is associated with immune dysfunction (Glaser and Kiecolt-Glaser ). Psychological stress occurs when environmental conditions exceed the individual’s coping ability, producing distress, anxiety, and negative thoughts, emotions, and moods.The results were unexpected in that a linear positive relationship between smoking and opioid dependence was not found, nor was a clear positive relationship found .Each marker has a different role in the inflammatory process and the development of chronic illness and are also often linked to each other.

For example, IL6 plays a central part in the inflammatory process and is known to be linked to the production of .